The last scene of the movie Clean and Sober shows a smoke-filled AA meeting. Recovering alcoholics smoke a lot. Likewise, alcoholism is a big problem among those who’ve gotten gastric bypass surgery. Just as alcohol addiction can become cigarette addiction, food addiction can become alcohol addiction:
According to psychologist Melodie Moorehead . . . at least thirty percent ofpatients will transfer addictions from overeating to another compulsive behavior. . . . The same problems and life challenges are there [but] overeating is no longer a viable coping mechanism. [Addictions to] gambling, shopping and sex have begun to surface in these patients but most alarming is the addiction to alcoholism.
Source. While writing The Shangri-La Diet, I spoke to William Jacobs, an addiction researcher at the University of Florida. No one becomes addicted to sugar water, he said. Only flavored sugar water, such as Pepsi. More generally, only foods that taste exactly the same time. Which strongly implicates flavor-calorie learning in food addiction. I think I understand that; what I don’t understand is why some people doing the Shangri-La Diet said the diet made it easier for them to stop smoking or drinking coffee.