I previously blogged about ICU checklists. Atul Gawande has written another excellent article about them, this time an editorial in the New York Times:
A year ago, researchers at Johns Hopkins University published the results of a program that instituted in nearly every intensive care unit in Michigan a simple five-step checklist designed to prevent certain hospital infections. It reminds doctors to make sure, for example, that before putting large intravenous lines into patients, they actually wash their hands and don a sterile gown and gloves.
The results were stunning. Within three months, the rate of bloodstream infections from these I.V. lines fell by two-thirds. The average I.C.U. cut its infection rate from 4 percent to zero. Over 18 months, the program saved more than 1,500 lives and nearly $200 million.
Yet this past month, the Office for Human Research Protections shut the program down. The agency issued notice to the researchers and the Michigan Health and Hospital Association that, by introducing a checklist and tracking the results without written, informed consent from each patient and health-care provider, they had violated scientific ethics regulations. Johns Hopkins had to halt not only the program in Michigan but also its plans to extend it to hospitals in New Jersey and Rhode Island.
The governmentâ€™s decision was bizarre and dangerous. But there was a certain blinkered logic to it, which went like this: A checklist is an alteration in medical care no less than an experimental drug is. . . . A checklist may require even more stringent oversight [than drug tests], the [OHRP] ruled, because the data gathered in testing it could put not only the patients but also the doctors at risk â€” by exposing how poorly some of them follow basic infection-prevention procedures. . . .
A large body of evidence gathered in recent years has revealed a profound failure by health-care professionals to follow basic steps proven to stop infection and other major complications. We now know that hundreds of thousands of Americans suffer serious complications or die as a result. Itâ€™s not for lack of effort. People in health care work long, hard hours. They are struggling, however, to provide increasingly complex care in the absence of effective systematization.
Excellent clinical care is no longer possible without doctors and nurses routinely using checklists and other organizational strategies and studying their results. There need to be as few barriers to such efforts as possible. Instead, the endeavor itself is treated as the danger. . . . Scientific research regulations had previously exempted efforts to improve medical quality and public health â€” because they hadnâ€™t been scientific. Now that the work is becoming more systematic (and effective), the authorities have stepped in. And theyâ€™re in danger of putting ethics bureaucracy in the way of actual ethical medical care.
Not “in danger of” — they have put “ethics bureaucracy” ahead of patient safety. In a big way.